Russian and Ukrainian-speaking immigrants remain largely unrepresented and underserved in our communities, largely due to their previous experience and attitudes that influence their perception of government assistance and mental health services. This training will provide an overview of the major socio-cultural and historical influences, diversity, and experiences of recent immigrants from the former Soviet Union. We will look at this populations’ common attitudes towards government and mental health, the complexity of addressing assessment and counseling with family members, and how to foster acceptance of mental health services when needed. We will consider intergenerational trauma and its symptoms for first and second generation Russian and Ukrainian-speaking immigrants, and we will identify the general difficulties these immigrants need to overcome during their first several years in this country. We cover how to effectively use an interpreter, and we will offer practical strategies to establish a rapport to build trust with this population so they can receive services to support their wellbeing.